17.11.2020
2 min
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Kazakhstan grain is in high demand

Kazakhstan grain is in high demand

World of NAN reports with reference to the press service of the Ministry of Agriculture of the RK about the main trends in grain and flour export in the new marketing year.

According to the State Revenue Committee of the MF RK and JSC "KTZh" for 4 months of 2020-2021 marketing year (July 1, 2020 - June 30, 2021) Kazakhstan exported 2 million 734 thousand tons of grain and flour in grain equivalent. Including 1 million 934 thousand tons of wheat and 701 thousand tons of flour in grain equivalent.

For comparison: last marketing year for the first 4 months about 2 million 617 thousand tons (-4%) of grain and flour were exported from Kazakhstan, including 1 million 624 thousand tons of wheat (-16%) and 628 thousand tons of flour in grain equivalent (-10%).

Export of other cereals (barley, oats, corn, rice, buckwheat, millet, etc.) for 4 months of 2020-2021 marketing year made up 98 thousand tons including 76 thousand tons of barley which, as it was mentioned above, was imported by Iran.

Most of wheat and wheat flour this year, as before, was sold to Central Asian countries: 1 million 293 thousand tons was shipped to Uzbekistan, 406 thousand tons - to Tajikistan. Sales volumes to Kyrgyzstan and Turkmenistan are much more modest - 38 and 11 thousand tons, respectively.

About 593 thousand tons have already been exported to Afghanistan since July 1 this year, 194 thousand tons - to China.

In recent years, there has also been a decline in sales of grain and flour to Georgia, which until 2014 was among the priority markets. Last marketing year, Kazakhstan sold only 2.6 thousand tons of grain and flour to this country, and there were no new shipments to Georgia.

There is also a pattern of declining interest of some countries in Kazakh flour. For example, Uzbekistan, which is the largest importer of Kazakh products, purchased 1.3 million tons of flour in 2011/2012 marketing year, in 2015/2016. - 843 thousand tons, in 2019/2020 m. - 345 thousand, and for 4 months 2020/2021 m. - only 103 thousand tons.

The exceptions are Afghanistan and China, which in recent years have only increased the volume of imports of Kazakh flour.

Traditionally, information about the volumes of grain and flour transit through Kazakhstan is of certain interest to market participants.

In July 2020, 17.4 thousand tons of grain were carried through the territory of our Republic to other countries, in August - 32.8 thousand tons, in September - 25.5 thousand tons, in October - about 25 thousand tons. Kyrgyzstan received the largest volume of cargo - almost 42 thousand tons.

Dynamics of wheat flour transit: 9.6 thousand tons in July, 11 thousand - in August, 8 thousand - in September, 12 thousand - in October. Most of the cargo was intended for Afghanistan - 48 thousand tons.

The total transit of grain and flour in grain equivalent was 160 thousand tons.

In this case, grain imports to Kazakhstan from Russia exceeded 166 thousand tons.

To recall, November 3, 2020 at the 32nd session of the Regional Conference of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN for Europe, Saparkhan Omarov noted that "despite the coronavirus pandemic, lockdown and related restrictions, Kazakhstan continued to actively supply food to neighboring countries. For 8 months of this year, only Shanghai Cooperation Organization countries sent food for $1.3 billion, and last year through the export of wheat and flour Kazakhstan fed more than 45 million people.

The minister also stressed that the republic will continue to increase production of agricultural products and food products in view of growing demand in neighboring countries. In this case, not only quantitative indicators, but also the quality of products will be important. In particular, Kazakhstan has great opportunities for the development of organic agriculture.

According to the official data of the European Commission, in terms of export volumes, the country is in 9th place among 123 countries that supply organic agri-food products to the EU. And in terms of sales of organic wheat and oilseeds, the country is among the absolute leaders.